When it comes time to start taking your retirement income, you’ll hopefully have an array of options available to you: Social Security benefits, 401(k) and IRA funds, dividends from stock investments, and other assets you can liquidate. But how you tap those various sources of income is hugely important. Withdrawing assets in the wrong order, taking benefits at the wrong age, or failing to consider tax implications can wind up undermining your retirement income. To make sure you’re making the most of your nest egg, be sure to avoid these retirement withdrawal mistakes.
Mistake #1: Not Starting With Your Investment Income
Withdrawing from your investments first gives your retirement accounts more time to grow through compound interest. If you dive straight into your 401(k) or IRA, you could cost yourself years’ worth of income in retirement savings.
Whether you have mutual funds, a brokerage account, ETFs, stocks or bonds, they’re all taxable, so you’ll have to pay capital gains taxes on withdrawals. Some investments also require you to pay taxes on distributions each year, like some mutual funds. Check with a fiduciary financial advisor to see if this is the case for your accounts.
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Mistake #2: Claiming Social Security Benefits at 62
If you want your maximum Social Security benefits, you’ll need to work until your “full retirement” age.
But benefits at age 62, 66 or 67 are not your maximum benefits. The maximum Social Security retirement benefit kicks in at age 70. If you claim before, you’re not getting your full entitlement.
Each year after full retirement, your payout increases by a certain percentage based on specific criteria. To maximize on this strategy, we recommend holding off until you are 70 — payments will be the highest possible, increasing by 8% each year you wait.
While this strategy will help you collect the highest Social Security benefit, every situation is different. Consult a financial advisor to figure out how and when Social Security benefits should factor into your unique retirement plan.
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Mistake #3: Withdrawing From Your 401(k) Before RMDs Kick In
You can start withdrawing money from your 401(k) when you turn 59 1/2, but that doesn’t mean it’s a good idea. The law doesn’t require you to start taking Required Minimum Distributions until you turn 72, so this is time your money can keep growing with compound interest.
Mistake #4: Tapping into Your Roth Before Exhausting Other Options
Put off withdrawing money from your Roth IRA as long as possible.
You paid taxes up front so you can take money out of your Roth IRA and it won’t count as taxable income.
Your Roth IRA also will continue to grow tax-free as you tap into your other accounts. Since a Roth IRA holds after-tax funds and the IRS doesn’t need to tax it again, you also don’t need to take Required Minimum Distributions. This account can keep growing for as long as you don’t touch it.
Mistake #5: Not Speaking with A Financial Advisor to Find the Best Way to Plan Withdrawals
Determining the optimal sequence to withdraw money from your retirement accounts is different for everyone, so we recommend speaking with a financial advisor.
Voya Financial found that 79% of people who use an advisor said they “know how to pursue achieving their retirement goals.” The study also found that 59% of those who use an advisor have calculated how much they need to retire, while 52% established a formal retirement investment plan.5
Chances are, there are several highly qualified financial advisors in your town. However, it can seem daunting to choose one.
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